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Humans are the First Aliens. Here's Why.




Where are all the aliens?! This is the essence to the Fermi Paradox. It’s most popular solution is the “Great Filter.” What is the obstacle that life and/or intelligent species are unlikely to survive? Let’s discuss.

00:00 Cold Open
00:18 Introduction
00:48 History of the Fermi Paradox
02:48 Fermi Paradox Explained
03:55 Drake Equation Explained
07:04 The Great Filter
09:56 Rare Earth Hypothesis
10:53 Geologic Time in Galactic Years
14:48 Evolution of Intelligent Life
17:03 Conclusions
19:11 Poll Results
19:47 Outro
20:10 Featured Comment

Nick Lucid – Host/Writer/Editor/Animator
Natalie Wells – Researcher
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VIDEO ANNOTATIONS/CARDS

What is Life?

Cosmic Time:

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RELATED YOUTUBE VIDEOS

PBS Space Time on Fermi Paradox:

Kurzgesagt on Fermi Paradox:

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OTHER SOURCES

General Background:
https://www.seti.org/project-ozma
https://www.seti.org/drake-equation-index
https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/30665
https://www.lanl.gov/discover/publications/1663/2013-july/_assets/docs/firsts.pdf
https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5746675-where-everybody-account-fermi-question

Details and Facts:
https://mason.gmu.edu/~rhanson/greatfilter.html
https://www.technologyreview.com/2008/04/22/220999/where-are-they/

How Many Stars in the Milky Way?


https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/discovery/exoplanet-catalog/
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/when-did-eukaryotic-cells/
https://naturalhistory.si.edu/education/teaching-resources/life-science/early-life-earth-animal-origins
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Homo
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Homo-sapiens/Origin

Scienfic Papers:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK9841/
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016AsBio..16..359F/abstract
https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.02404
https://doi.org/10.2307/2709100
https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2014.1247

Books:
https://openstax.org/details/books/astronomy

“Intelligent Life in the Universe.” by I. S. Shklovskii & Carl Sagan (1966)
https://books.google.com/books/about/Intelligent_Life_in_the_Universe.html?id=QrnoPwAACAAJ

“Is Anyone Out There?” by Frank Drake & Dava Sobel (1992)
https://books.google.com/books/about/Is_Anyone_Out_There.html?id=DYXvAAAAMAAJ

“If the Universe Is Teeming with Aliens … WHERE IS EVERYBODY?: Fifty Solutions to the Fermi Paradox and the Problem of Extraterrestrial Life” by Stephen Webb (2002)
https://books.google.com/books/about/If_the_Universe_Is_Teeming_with_Aliens_W.html?id=Kp6g79LuKWEC
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LINKS TO COMMENTS

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IMAGE CREDITS

Heavy Bombardment (Bennu’s Journey):
https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=20220

Los Alamos ID Badge Photos:
https://www.lanl.gov/about/history-innovation/badges.php

Herbert York:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Herbert_York.jpg

Frank Drake:
https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A291451

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